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The analysis of healthcare big data reveals that cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and stroke are the primary causes of death on a global scale. Inadequate nutrition, including excessive consumption of saturated fat, trans fat, sodium, and sugar, is associated with an increased risk of these diseases.

One technique for improving public health is to reformulate foods to be healthier, which can have an effect at the population level and does not necessarily rely on individual behavior modification to enhance health.

To assist consumers in reducing the risk of certain diseases and to provide them with the opportunity to eat healthily, the food and beverage industry should set public objectives for reducing a nutrient, such as sodium, by a certain percentage over a period of time.